ONLINE TEXTS FROM ENGLISH RELIGIOUS HISTORY
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TREASURY of HIDDEN SECRETS A 17th-century housewives' handbook of cookery, herbals, and medicine
attributed to
John Partridge

Part 2: On Diseases

61. The knowledge of the names and natural disposition of divers diseases, that most commonly happen to molest and grieve the bodies of men and women

[1]Elephantiasis is an evill which is easse to be known.

2. Gout Cain, is Morbus cadacus, that is to say, the falling sicknesse.

3. Epilepsia is the same still, or very little difference.

4. Lytargum, is a perillous chill, for he that is therein, is alway sleeping: for it hath been seen, that a man in that evill hath slept himselfe to death.

5. Squinantia is an evill that is in the throat bowle, and when it taketh all the neck, it is a sign of death except medicine helpeth.

6. Sciatica passio, is a passion that sitteth in the Wirrel-bone of the hip, and hoiseth his course between that bone and the Ridge-bone, and then falleth, but his abiding is most in the Wirrel bone.

7. Colica passio, is a passion that is in a man's Arse gut, but it floweth into all the guts, and into the flanke, but his most paine is principally in the Arse-gut, and that stoppeth both wind and water.

8. Postema, is in divers manners both within the skin and without the skin, and within the body, for all manner of things that swel, bear out the flesh, and therefore all manner of Boyles, Watches, Fellons, and other such like, may be called Postema, as well as those that be upon the stomack, or on the lungs: There be some that bear proper names, ans Peripneumonia, the which is an impostume that is upon the lungs, that engendereth a passion, that is called in Latin Aspiratio or Respiratio: and it is called in English, hard drawing of wind: that when a man hath much paine to draw his wind, which maketh the Lungs to be in paine, for it presseth downe the Lungs, and causeth them to be hot and drie, and that maketh a man to cough.

9. Pleurisim, is another Impostume that lyeth upon the sides, and upon the ribs, and aketh sore. And he that is so diseased, commonly he is coughing: and the humour is red, and they be much waking, and may not lie well on that side.

10. Also there is an Impostume, that is called in Latine, Anutrix, and Antardis: and it is called in English a Fellon, and they be better of matter then the other that goeth out in Byles, and Fellons when it is rotted.

11. Tuna, is a white beatry? Skail, and Acorias is a dry Skail.

12. Caries, is in a manner of an Impostume, that is like a Wart, that bringeth forth a long haire or two or three.

13. Caries, is the toothed head of a tree.

14. Derias is a Wart. And Cittitis is called an Impostume, as it is said here before.

15. There is an chill that is called Riteria, and there be tweo of them: that is to say, the blacke and the yellow: and especially the black, which commeth of the chafing of the Liver.

16. Also there is an evill which belongeth to women; that is called Menstruous, the which is a flux of blood: And there is another that belongeth to women, that is called the paine of the Matrice, which containeth from the Matrice to the privy member. But the Matrice of itselfe, is like a three cornered purse, as it may be made in figure: and that hangeth by certaine strings by the ribs, and by the intrailes, and so it stretcheth downe to the privy member, which is called the mouth of the Matrice. You shall understand that the Matrice hath in itself nine folds, which falleth like pleats of cloth, and in those pleats falleth the seed of man, and therein it is nourished, and therein is the child conceived, by reason whereof it might be possible that a man might get of a woman nine children at once, and if they were of such complexion that the woman might conceive in every fold a child, and if it fortuned the seed of man to fall even in the pleates, as it may fall: And if it falleth on the other side, it getteth a man child, and if it falleth on the other side, it getteth a woman child, and if it falleth in the middle, it is like to be both the male and the female. And therefore, it is all in God, that a man might make the great might and goodnesse of his secrets.

17. Also there is a malady that commeth of the childes birth, and that is when the child commeth forth, there commeth therewith a skinne, the which is engendered of the seed of man: and it lyeth in the Matrice, and it is divided in two parts, whereof one commeth to cleane blood, and afterward ingendereth to a piece of cleane fleshh: And then that flesh putteth from him a white thick matter, and that matter engendereth a skin, which skin taketh and windeth in the cleane matter aforesaid: and evermore as the chile formeth and waxeth, even so the skin waxeth with it. And the same skin is called the Secundine: and it keepeth the child from many perils that should fall thereto, if that were nt: for it closeth in the child, like as the shell encloseth in an egge: for first the shell of an egge, was a skin in the beginning of the Egge: Wherefore, in this case the skinne is called the Secundine, for it beareth up the childe: and when this Secundine is anything pearced or hurt, then is the child borne before his time. This Treatise is drawne out of a Chapter called Gilbercus, which saith, that there be five principall things that hindreth the birth of a childe. Whereof one is, when the woman whit childe is very sore of wroth and anger. The second is, when she is smitten with a staffe. The third, is over-much fasting. The fourth is a great fluxe of the wombe. And the fifth is a fall upon the wombe: for all these things hurt the Secundine, and mketh the childe to be borne too soon, which destroyeth both the woman and the childe: for then the woman is not kindly purged of the Matrice, and then is the Secundine evilisor to heale: and if it be not wel taken away of the Midwife. And except she dee her endeavour wel, then it will rotte, and make a woman great as though she were with childe.

And then there is another disease, that is, if it fortune that the childe be dead in the wombe, that hath a proper name in Latine, and is called Fetus, of what kind soever it be, if it be dead, it may be said so, & in English it is called a dead child, wherefore all manner of men charge in God's name, to take heed wheresoever ye be that read this Treatise, that ye blaspheme not, nor despise this, being the works of God, whereto ye may plainly understand how ye were broughtinto this world.

18. Also there is another malady, that is named in Latine Caninus Appendius or Morbo Canino, that is, when an unkindly heat is in the Stomacke and in the body. And so the moisture that should be in the Stomacke, fumeth alway, and the heat bringeth up the moisture, and he that hath that malady is very condite.

19. Also there is another malady that is called in Latine Etica passio, that is, an evill that maketh a man to dry and vanish away: and in English it is called the Drinesse: howbeit the proper name thereof is Etick, and the man that hath that sicknesse shall consume away, but yet ye shall be ever eating, and it is the very token of mortall death.

20. Also there is another disease properly called in Latine Fluxus ventris, which may be understood in English, all manner of nesh wombed people, otherwise called the bloody flux.

21. Also there is another flux, called in Latine Lienteria, this is a fluxe of the wombe, and this commeth when the the stomacke is all slipper, and the matter goeth away undigested.

22. Also there is another that is said in Latine, Dysenterium, and that is when the guts make ?quamies in the manner of shaving of guts, and no other, as men shall heare after.

23. And there is another disease that is called in Latine, Thenasmon, and that is even contrary to that before, for Thenasmonis, when a man is very costive and hard-wombed.

24. Also there is another infirmity that is called in Latine Emeroides, and that is of great abundance of blood, and there will arise small teets, as it were warts, that will lie within the fundament upon the gut and without both.

25. There is another that is called in Latine Exituum, and that is the going out of the fundament, for the gut of the fundament will goe out, and that is a sore evill.

26. Also there will come out of a man's nose much foul filth, and thereof great abundance, some like gobbets of flesh, right in his kinde, like as Emeroides will doe, and that is called in Latine, Polipus.

27.Also there is another disease or malady, that is called in Latine Malum mortuum, and the sore that commeth thereof is called in English a Marmail but know ye well, that the beginning is of a Melancholy in the body of man: and it is taken for out of the spices of the Scab: and properly it commeth of a naturall Melancholy, when it is purified and corrupt of naturall Melancholly, and in some men it is mingled with sawse-fleame , and be both gendred together of too long using unwholesome meats: And sometime it commeth of the stopping of the Spleene. For when the spleene may not receive the Melancholy, then dy his humours be his heavy of waight, and presseth it downe-hard to the legges, and then beginneth the pustes to break out, and they be called Malum mortuum. Another cause why it is called Malum mortuum, for it maketh the members as it were dead, or sle that it were flesh: And itis called so because it is not so quick in working as the other sores be, neither in engendring of new flesh, nor mattereth not as other sores be, but alwaies is hot and dry: and moreoever, it will not away till a man die, except he be the more heavy, and it sooner taketh har? to: For the Melancholy is the onely cause thereof: And its colour is to be swarth, and as it were a party blue, and hard: and commonly it is full of stones and hard dead flesh, and there will goe out thereof, in a manner of a red water, like as if there had been raw flesh washed therein, and it will close in many places, and when it is closed in one place, it will breake out in another: And when it is surely of the Melancholly, the pustes will be black and blue and the place will itch sore, and be full of dead flesh, and with sawre fleame it will itch: also it will be full of sores and boyles arising thereupon. Also take heed of his digestion, for it will be of great colour, and much quantity of Urine and thicke. And know well thathe that suffereth it, an evill commonly haunteth him, that is called in Latine Dediamine, and all they which are infected with that malady, there will appeare hairs thereupon as doth upon a Leaper, but upon this malady the haire shall be black, and upon a Leaper the haire shall be white and red: And a natural knowledge and a true description are all these afore rehearsed.

62. Divers necessary observations both Physicall and Astronomicall

Moreover, it is to be understood, that every moneth in the yeare the Moone hath her course in one of the twelve lignes: and in every signe the Moone is two dayes and a halfe ain oft?. And ye shall know also, that the twelve signes have government of every man and beast in the twelve parts of the body. And whiles the Moone is in every signe, and if the body be let bleed or else wounded or burnt, all the medicines that are, cannot serve in that signe that hath the government in the place of the body, and it is marvell out that the body ben soon dead, or else distraught forever.
Aries, hath the government of the head and face.
Taurus, the neck, the throat, and the knot of the throat.
Gemini, the shoulders, arm and hands.
Cancer, the breast, the stomacke, and the ridge in the nether part of the breast.
Virgo, the wombe, with the intestines, and the paunch.
Libra, the reines, the loynes, and the web of the skin, that covereth them, with the haunches and the buttocks.
Scorpio, the privy members, and the fundament.
Sagittarius, the thighs.
Capricornus, the knees and hammes.
Aquarius the legges, from the knees to the ankles.
Pices, the wrists and the feet.

Also, it is to be understood, that a Laxative must be taken when the Moone is in Cancer, or in Scorpio, or in Pisces, and when the wind is in the South, then is it best time to take a Laxative.

Also if ye should afflict the Medicine, make it in the Signe retentive as Taurus, Virgo, and Capricornus, and when the wind is in the North.

Also when ye shall be let bleed, looke that the Moone be in a signe attractive, as Aries, Leo, or Sagittarius. And looke that it be not in the new Moon, neither in the old Moon too nigh the change. For in the new Moone the blood is waxing, and in the old Moone the blood is waxing and therefore take a full Moon.

And if ye will give a digestive medicine for to defie any humours, give it when the Moon is in a digestive signe, as in Gemini, Libra, or Aquarius; and if ye worke by this teaching, ye shall do much the better, or else it will not go by reason.

Also, beware in their days in letting of bleed, that is to say, in the Canicular dayes, the which begin eighteen days before Lammas, until rrrb dayes after Lammas, for they be titled in the kalender. It is to be understood, that every day beginneth at high noone as the Sunday beginneth his first houre on the Saturday before afternoone. And the Sunday, after the day, beginneth before the Sun rising at every day. It is to be understood in the Sunne rising of every day in the first hour of the Planets: as to account after the Planet, by the which Planets the dayes were marked in old time. For in Latine and French they have taken their names kindly after the Planets, but in English not so, Sunday taketh his name of the Sun, Monday of the moone, Tuesday of Mars, Wednesday, of Mercury, Thursday of Juper (sic), Friday of Venus, Saturday of Saturnas. And in this order ye should account the hours of every day by the Planets. If it be Monday, the houre of the Sun-rising, which that day governest by Saturnus, the next day after by Jupiter. And in order reckon out the seven Planets, and rise as oft as needeth until the four and twenty houres be fully spent. And this is the course of all the Planets of all the yeere: and if ye be let blood, then looke that ye bleed in a good Planet, with the Signe: that ye be taught to bleed in. Jupiter and Venus be good Planets to bleed in, Saturn and Mars be naught: and the Sun, and the moone, and Mercury, with good signes they be good and with bad signes they be bad. They be called good signes that be sanguinous, and they that be melancholious be called bad signes: and they be Cholericke and Flegmatick, standeth in meane: and therefore beware and keep your rule, as it is to said before.

Certaine secret remedies appertaining to Women

63. To make a Woman have her flowres

First looke that the woman be not with childe: then take of the root of Gladen a good quantity, and boyle it in Vineger, or else in Wine till it be tender: and after set it on the ground in a vessell: that the woman may stand over it, and let her stand close over, so that the heat may strike up into her body, and this shall help her: for this faileth never. Probatum est?

64. For the suffigation of the Matrice, and for the falling of the same

Take Aspartum, that is, Tarre of Indie, and cast it upon the hot coales, and let the woman receive the smoke into her mouth, and into her nose, and it shall drive the Mother down anon.

65. For Sore Falling of the Matrice

Take the same powder aforesaid, and cast it on hot coales under a stege stoole and let the woman sit over it, and stew her with the fume, and stop the stege stoole close with clothes, so that there go no aire out, and it shall drive the Matrice presently, the euour? thereof is so effectual. Probatum est.

66. For the flowers to be brought out shortly

Take the root of Gladen and make it cleane, and shred a good quantity thereof small, and put in an earthen pot, and put thereto a good quantity of Vineger, as need requireth, and then take a cover and cover it close with paste, but let there be a hole in the middle of the cover, and the cover be of a dish meet for the pot, and let the hole be no more but to put in a quill. And all the while that it is boyling, let that hole be stopped with paste, that no aire goe out, untill that time that the roots be soft. Then take it from the fire, and let it coole till the great heat be past, so that the woman may suffer it: and looke that you have a chaire with a stege, then take a quill for a pipe that is fit for the hole of the dish that covereth the pot, and unstop the hole , and put in the pipe, and set the pot under the stege, so that the pipe may come up through the stege, that the woman may receive the other and of the pipe into her body, as warme as she may suffer it, so that the heat may strike up into the matrice, and it shall open the matrice, and she shall have delivery right soon: and as soon as she kneweth that it commeth, doe it away, and she shall be whole by the grace of God.

67. For the Mother rising upwards

Take halfe a pint of Malmesey and set it upon the fire in a p[?]ce and dissolve therein z.s. of Assafetida, and let it stand over the fire the space of the Creeds saying, and then give this to the woman to drinke and it will put down the Mother presently.

68. For the Mother that riseth upon a man

Take Ambrose, called wilde suger, and drie it in the Sunne, and make a powder thereof, and when the Mother riseth up to the heart, give him to drink a quantity of that powder with a little warm liquid and it shall void anon.

69. To bring forth tearmes

Take Organum and boyle it in Wine, and emplaster it to the privy member. Also take Cotten and wet it in Turpentine, and make a Suppository. Also take Calamine and Peniroyal, and boyle the same in Wine and let her drink thereof. Also take Parsnip, and Astrolialonga and boyle them in Wine, and give the sick to drinke, or else make a Suppository, and it taketh away the ache of the Matrice, and speedily bringeth forth the Secundine, and provoketh the Termes.

Another

Stew her with these herbs, Organum, Calmint, Davine, Maderwort, Peniroyal, roots of Lillie, and Madder, and make a Pessary: or else Magdaston and put it in a strong linen cloth, and put it in her Fundament.
Also take Oyle that a Goord in sodden in, and make a Suppositorie, and it maketh a provocation anon.
Also take Garlicke and stampe it, and boyle it in Oyle, and put it in a bag of Linnen cloth and thereof make a Suppository.
Also Cinamon and Mirrh boyled in water, and dranke, putteth away the Secundine.
Also take Oyle that is made of Lilly, and give it to the woman to eat with bread, or a Suppository make thereof that there is none like thereto in all manner of kinds to help the Matrice.
And for feare lest the mouth of the Matrix were hurt with any thing, with any anointing: Take Oyle of Bay, Oyle of Pusisl, or Oyle Fustill that growth on an Oake, and therewith anouin the place.

70. A good bath for the Flowres, proved

Take Sabins?, Juniper, Colemine, Peniroyal, Mather-wort, Perisorie?, ?Piter?, leaves of the Bay-tree, and boyle them together in water, and bathe the woman therein many times, and she shall have her termes at her own mind and will.
Also take an Egge, and rost it soft, and put therein Asafetida, and let her sup it up when she goeth to bed, and she shall speed anon.

71. To bring forth the Secundine and to cleanse the matrice

Take Willowes and ?Hatibecke?, worm-wood, Mugwort, Calamint, and Organum and make her a bath with water, and let her sit therein above the Navell and let her strike ever downwards with her hands, and it will helpe.

Item for the same

Take a Goatskinne with the clawes and the haire, and cut it very small, and cast it into a fire of charcoal, made in a pan under a stege chaire, and let the aire smite up into her body, and she shall have helpe.

For the same

Take Castorz i. [C]u[s]or[b]ium, z.s. and make them in powder, and take of the gall of a Bull z.it. and of the juyce of Rue z.i. and mingle them together, and then put thereto the powder aforesaid, and make a suppository of Cotton, and heet? it in the confection, and put it in and it will bring forth the Secundine, and provoke the Matrices.

Another

If a woman have good purgation in her child-bed, let her drinke the shaving of Hartshorne in wine, and it shall do her ease.

72. To cease a womans Flowres

Take the juyce of Plantine, and put thereto the pow[d?]er? of Bolearmoniack and mingle them well together: then take Cotton and open it broad, and wet it in the confection,and make thereofre a suppository, and it shall cease the flux of the Matrice.

73. To bring forth flowres, and the Secundine, and a dead childe

Take faire Oats and soak them in faire water while they be well sodden, and then take the water, and make thereof a bathe and let the woman sit therein up to the heart and bathe her well in that water and it shall bring forth her termes, and the Secundines, and delivereth of a dead child, if she have any in her wombe.

Another for the same

Take ?Avence and seeth it in wine and make a plaister and lay the same upon the Navel. Or else take the creppes of Avence and seeth them in Wine, and make thereof a Suppository, and it will doe the said cure.

Another for the same

Pill a clove of Garlike, and put it into her, and it sill bring forth her flowres soon: or else seeth Garlike, and let her sit in the water up to the Navell, and soke her well therein; or else make a Suppository of Garlike sodden in oyle.

74. If a woman have too many Flowres

Take the foot of an Hare, and put it in a new earthen pot and burn it to powder, and let her drink of that powder with warme ale, or with warm wine until it be ceased.

Another for the same

Take the middle barke of the Cherry tree, and put away the gray bark that is without, and take the greene bark and stampe it small and give it to the woman with a little warme Ale to drink, and it shall stop the flowres. Probatum est.

Another of the same

Take the juyce of Bursa Pastoris and the powder of Sanguis Draconis and make a Suppository thereof and it shall cease.

75. for the cleanse the Matrice

Make a Suppository of cotten, and anoint it with Turpentine, and it cleanse the Matrice of corruption.

76. For to cease flowres and for faintness and casting in child-bed

Take the leaves of Birch, and make small bundles thereof and seeth them in Vineger, and make a plaister thereof, and lay it to her, and to the reines, and if discentery be in default in the upper gut, lay share, the plaister upon her Stomacke.

77. Powder of Holland against the Collick, and the gnawing of the belly

Take Cinnamon, Anis-seed, Fennel-seed, Cummin-seed, of each a quarter of an ounce, of shaven Liquoris three quarters of an ounce, of Galingale one ounce and a halfe, of Spicknard a quarter of an ounce, of ?œne of Alexandria, two ounces, beat them into fine powder, and seice them, whereof take a quarter of an ounce in a mess of pottage.

78. Powder to make the belly soluble, causing a gentle ?laske easie for anyone to take

Take seed of Alexandria one ounce, of fine Ginger halfe or quarter of an ounce, of Aniss-seed a quarter of an ounce, beat them into fine powder, and put them into sodden suger, and make loosings (as before) and the of the whole, the number of six an?, whereof dissolve two of them into a messe of pottage, or in a cup of Wine, fasting in the morning, and fast an houre after. If you doe put as much suger in powder ye may keepe it in a bladder, and the whole powder will serve right times to receive as even now is said

79. A receipt to restore strength, in them that are brought low with long sicknesse

Take of the brabone of a Pheasant or Partridge, or of a Capon sodden or roasted of each a quarter of an ounce: Steepe them in Rose Water two hours, of the kernels of Nuts called Pitiatiorum and of the kernel of a Pine Apple, of each a quarter of an ounce of Cinamon fine power the weight of twenty barley cornes, of the spices of ?Dianihas?, Dremargarten, Lerificentes, Galient, ?, of each the weight of forty graines of barley corne, of the seed of Pillon, Pepon, Goord and Cucummer, of each the weight of ten graines, the skinne taken off; let them be all ground small, then take six ounces of suger dissolved in Borage water, seeth it on height, as for loosings, and when it is sodden enough, then put in all the other geare, and make loosings thereof Whereof one is sufficient at once dissolved in a messe of pottage, or a drought of drinke. Thus do two or three times every day.

80. To make Loosings

Take halfe a pound of Suger, and as much Rosewater, or other distilled water, as for Manus Christi, seeth them likewise, and when you wil know when it is sod enough, take out some upon a knives point, and let it coole, and if it be hard like suger, then it is sodden enough. Then put into it powder of Ginger, Cinamon, or Nutmet: Stirre them well together, lay it upon a paper oyled, drive it as thin as ye think meet, lay on your gold leafe with a Conies taile, cut your Loosings Diamond-fashion, and so keep them.

81. To perfume Gloves

Take the Gloves and wash them in the Rosewater, or Damaske water, till the scurfe of the Leather be gone, and then stretch them forth softly, and keep the water you wash them with still, then hang them up to drie, and then lay them in a linnen cloth, that is folded three or foure times double, and when they be drie, let them lie in Rose-leaves dried a day or two, then take oile of Civet? Almonds, and Muske and grinde them together upon a Marblestone, stretch them forth softly, and with your hand anoint your Gloves three or foure times, and ever anon stretch them forth as they rie. Then take Sandifer mixed with a little Amber-Greece, and strew the powder of it thinly up on them and lay them in a paper and in a box: or else melt the Amber-Greece in a quantity of Rose-water, and mixe them drie, and lay them in faire white paper.

2. To perfume Gloves another way
Take the Gloves, and wash them as aforesaid, three or foure times: and wring them every time softly: then take Gum Dragant, and steep it in fine Damaske water one night: Then straine the water throw a fine linnen-cloth, and take Gum and mixe it with an ounce of Amber-Greece, with Oile of Turpentine: Then mingle all together, and roule your Gloves with the same: lay them to drie, and lay a paper between.

3. A preparative for Gloves,
Wash the Gloves, as aforesaid, till the scurfe of the Leather be gone: then take of Benjamin two ounces, Storax Calamite one ounce, let them be very fine: then take Oyle of Civill Almons, and mingle it with Benjamin and Storax upon a Marblestone. When it is well ground, put it into an earthen pot with oyle of Ciuet Almonds, then put in Cloves in powder, and so let it stand close covered: and when you need, take a little Rose-water in a spunge and rub the Gloves softly, and then in like manner, with the Oile called Ciuet, for the same purpose.

4. Another way
Take twelve graines of Muske, six graines of Amber Greece, three graines of Storax Calamite, six graines of Benjamin, and a few Cloves: grinde all these together with oile of Ciuet Almonds. First, wash your cloaths with Fusses dissolved a day in Damaske water.

5. Another for Gloves
Take your Gloves and wash them in Rose-water once or twice till all the scurffe be gone from them, and then let them drie, and stretch them well out, fingers and all. Then plaine them, and wash them once or twice: then take two ounces of Storax, and as much Benjamin made in powder: dresse your Gloves all over, on a smooth boord before they be dry: then hang them to drie, and when the be drie, save the powder that is left.

Then take a pint of Rose-water, and two ounces of Storax, and two ounces of Cinamon, put all these in powder, and cast them to the Rose-water, and let them seeth in a close Posaet covered. Then take a fine brush and brush them over.

6. Another way to perfume
Take Amber-Greace a dram, of Muske half a dram, of Fusses a dram, of Ciuet halfe an ounce, put all these together in a pint of Rose-water or Damaske water.

7. Another way
Take a dram of Amber-Greace, a dramme of Benjamin, halfe a dram of Fusses, a dram of Storax, a quarter of an ounce of Laudanum, put these in Rose-water.

82. A perfume for Chests and Cupboards, and also for Gloves

Take Benjamin and Storax of each an ounce, Laudanum and Fusses, of each a quarter of an ounce, half a dram of Ciuet: if you burn it for Chests, or Cupboards, beat it in a hot morter: if it be for Gloves, boile it, and put it to Rosewater.

83. To colour Gloves

You must have hulls of green Walnuts, that must lie in water all the yearelong, role them well with these hulls, and make them as deep a colour as ye may.

How to colour Gloves yellow within.

To colour Gloves yellow within, take the yolks of twenty Eggs, and put them in a frying pan with a fast fire, stir them ever, & bruise them with a ladle, and the oile that ascendeth of them, being anointed on the inside of the gloves, will make them look yellow.

84. To make Musk Sope

Take strong lie made of Chalke, and six pound of stonechalke, four pound of Deere suet, and put them in the lie in an earthen pot, and mingle it well, and keep it the space of forty daies, and mingle and stir it three or four times a day, till halfe be consumed, and to that that remaineth seven or eight daies after, you must put a quarter of an ounce of Muske, and when you have done so, you must also stir it, and it will smel of Muske.

85. To make red sealing Wax

Take to one pound of Wax three ounces of cleane Turpentine in Summer, in Winter take four, melt them together with a fast fire: then take it from the fire and let it cool, then put in Vermillion very finely ground, and Sallet oile, of each an ounce, and mix them fast together, and it is perfect good.

86. To keepe Damasins in sirrop

Take Damasins, and pick them well with a knife or pinne, then take clarified Suger, as much as you thinke will serve, and then you must boile it till it be as thicke as Birdlime. Then boile your Damasins in the clarified Suger till they be soft: then take them up, and put them in a Glasse: then you must boile the sirrop, till it be as thick as the other was, before you put in the Damasins, and so cover them close.

87. A water for the face, used of Gentlewomen

Take Goats milke two pound, fine flower half a pecke, the whites of three egges, and make it from paste to little loaves, and bake it, but not too much: then take more of the said Goats milke, and crumme of the crummes of your bread into it, let it steep all night, and wipe your face with a dry cloth, and then wash your face with the said milke, and in using this, it will make the face shine as white as snow.

Another to make the face faire

Take the shearing of Scarlet, four ounces, the whites of two new laid Egges, white wine two pound, Rosemary flowers, or Rosemary itself, and seeth it or still it, but if you seeth it, scum it clean, and when it is cold, use it, and it will make the skinne looke smooth.

Another to remove high colour in the face

Lemons laid in Buttermilke, is an excellent means to remove high colour in the face.

88. A water for heat in the face, and breaking out with pimples

Take Allium glasie? two pound, the juyce of Plantin, Purslan Terjuce, of each half a pound, the white of twenty Egges, beat them and mix them, and distil them: which water destroyeth chafings, heats, pimples, wheales and scurfes whatever they be.

89. To know whether a woman shall ever conceive or no

Take the Kuine of a Hare, and having frayed and consumed it in hot water, give it to the woman to drinke in the morning at her breakfast, and let her stand in a hot Bath: and if there come a griefe or paine in her belly, she may conceive, if not, she shall never conceive.

90. To make a barren woman beare children

Take of those little sea-fishes, called in Latine Polipi or Polipodes, and rost (roast) them upon the Embers without Oils, and let the woman eat of them, and it will profit and helpe very much, having in the meanetime the company of a man.

91. To make a woman have a quick and speedy deliverance of her children, without paine, or at least very little

The leaves of Bittony and stampe them, or else make powder of them, and give the woman that laboureth, to drinke of it with a little water, and she shall be delivered incontinent, without any great pain or labour.

92. To stop the running of the Reynes five several wayes

Take Venice Turpentine washt in red Rose-water, foure ounces, a Nutmeg, Plantine-seed, a yellow Amber-bead, of each alike, with like quantitie of Sinamon, and powder of Comfrey roots, which being mingled, role of Turpentine in the powder, and make it into five Pills as big as a bean, and take them in a spoon with sirrop of Rubarb, three in the morning, and three two hours before supper and it will help it.

Another for the running of the Reynes

Take Nutmegs halfe a pound, and bruise them in a morter, and kneade them in dough and bake them, which bread is very healthfull.

Another speciall way approved

Take Hazel-nuts, well pilled or blanched, two handfull, Sinkfoile and knotted grasse, of each a handfull, foure Camphire leaves: stamp the herbs, and straine out the juyce into two pound of Muscadell: then beat the Nut kernels as smal as you can, and put them in: Also take an Amber bead, and beat it to powder very fine, which being put into the wine to the rest, stir them altogether a good while: then seeth it until it come to a pound and a little more, and drinke the one half in the morning, and the other at night, making a very light supper.

Another for the same

Nip and Clary, fryed with the yolks of three or four Eggs, and taken every morning, is very good.

92. To strengthen the seed

Take Sucory, Endive, Plantin, Violet flowers and the leaves, Clary, Sorrell, of each half a handful, with a piece of Mutton, make a good broth and to eat it evening and morning is special good.

93. For the gnawing in a womans stomacke

Take a good handfull of Spearmint, and a handfull of Wormewood, and heat a tile-stone, and lay these two things on it, and make a little bag, and when the hearbs be hot, put them in the bag, and so lay them to her stomacke.

94. For an Ague in a womans brest

Take Hemlock leaves and fry them in sweet Butter, and as hot as she may suffer it, lay it to her breast, and lay a warm white cotton, and it will drive it away in a short space.

95. For breasts that be sore with milke

Take Linseed Oile, and Wax, melt them, and wet a rag therein, and lay it to the brest warm, which will dry with the milk

96. For a sore brest

Take bean flower two handful, bran, powder of Fengricke, of each a handful, white Vineger a pound, three spoonful of honey, and three yolks of Eggs, seeth all till it be thick, and lay it warm to the brest, which will both break it and heal it, always crushing out the matter when you shift it.

97. To keep a womans brest from breaking

Take Sage, Marigolds with the black seed, and the sharpest nettles, of each halfe a handful, bruise them together, and lay it to, which will keep it from breaking.

For the brest broken or not

Take oile of Roses, beam flower and the yolk of an Egge with a little Vineger, set it on the fire till it be luke-warm, then with a feather anoint the place.

98. For the unnaturall heat of the Liver

Take Borage, Buglosse, Succory, Violet, Fumitory, young Hopbuds, Fennel-buds, of each a quarter of a handful, young Mallowes, and Mercury, of each half a handful, boile these in a pottle of whey, and strain them.

99. For the Canker in the mouth

Take half a pint of Ale, and a sprig of Rosemary, & seeth them all together, and scum your Ale, & then put in a piece of Allum, as much as a nut, and a spoonful of honey, and two spoonful of Honisuckle water.

100. To make the face faire, and the breath sweet

Take the flowers of Rosemary, and boile them in white Wine: then wash your face with it, and use it for a drink, and so shall you make your face faire, and your breath sweet.

101. To make haire as yellow as gold

Take the rine or scrapings of Rubarbe, and steepe it in white wine or in clear lie, and after you have washed your head with it, you shall wet your haires with a spunge, or some other cloth, and let them dry by the fire or in the Sun. After this wet them, and drie them again, for the oftner they do it, the fairer they will be, without hurting your head anything at all.

102. To drive way all venemous beasts from your house

Take Juniper, the seet of Agnus Castus, the shels of river Creuesses, Harts horne the grease or suet of a Bucke, Kerse or town Cresses, Deganie and bittanie: make of all these drugs a dough or paste, and when you will use or occupie it, burne it, for whereas the smoke thereof goeth, the beasts will haid away.

103. Against all poyson eaten and drunken

Having knowledge that any man is poysoned, the chiefe remedie is to make him vomit the poysen, in giving him Oyle-Olive lukewarme to drinke alone, or mixt with warme water. And if you have no Oyle, give him Butter with hot water, or with the decoction of Linseed, or the seed of Nettles, or of Semicrecum: and all these things purge the venome as well downwards as upward. After having made him vomit divers times, you must purge him with sharpe Glisters downward. Then give him water mixt with honey, and also old wine enough to drinke. But if you can get good Treacle or Mithridate, they are the principallest against poysons, with Terra Sigillate, Acorne shells, and give it him in good wine. Let his meat be fat flesh of old Beasts, and fat Broth especially of Hens and fat fish, and let them not steep. And in continuing with this meanes, he shall be delivered by the help of God.

104. To drive away Lice

Take Insense, and the Lard of a Barrow dogge, properly called Barrows greace: boyle them together in an earthen pot or pot leaded, and with this oyntment rub and annoint the place where the Lice be.

105 How to make a soferiagne water, that M. Doctor Stephens Physician, a man of great knowledge and cunning did practice, and used of long experience: and therewith did very many cures, and kept it alwaies secret, till of late a little before his death, Doctor Parker, late Archbishop of Canterburie, did get it in writing of him.

The Receipt

Take a gallon of good Gascoine wine, then take Ginger, Galingale, Camomile, Sinamon, Nutmegs, Graines Cloves, Mace, Aniseeds, of every of them a dramme. Then take Sage, Mint, red Roses, time Pellit drie of the wall, wilde Marjoram, Rosemarie, penny mountaine otherwise called wilde Lime, Camomile, Lavender, and Avens?, of every of them one handfull: then beat the spices small, and bruise the herbs, and put all into the wine, and let it stand twelve houres stirring it divers times. Then still it in a Limbecke, and keep the first pint of the water, for it is the best: then will come a second water, whichis not so good as the first.

*The sundry vertues and operations of the same many times approved*

The vertues of these waters be these: it comforteth the spirits, and preserveth greatly the youth of man, and helpeth the inward diseases comming of cold, against shaking of Palsie: it cureth the contract of sinewes, and helpeth conception of women that be barren: it killeth the wormes in the belly. It helpeth the cold Gout, it helpeth the toothache, it comforteth the stomacke very much, it cureth the cold dropsie, it helpeth the stone in the bladder, and in the reines of the back: it cureth the canker, it helpeth shortly a stinking breath. And who so useth this water ever anon and not too oft, it preserveth him in good liking, and shall make one seeme young very long, you must take one spoonful of this water fasting, but once in seven daies, for it is very hot in aspersion. It preserved Doctor Stevens, that he lived fourscore and eighteen years, wherefore ten years he lived bedred.

106. To make a water that taketh off all staining, dying and spots from the hands of Artificers, that get them by working, and maketh them white and faire. It is good for them that be Sun-burned.

Take the juyce of a Lemmon, with a little Bay-salt and wash your hands with it and let them drie of themselves: wash them againe, and you shall find all the spots and staining gone. It is also very good against the scurffe or scabs.

107. To heale all manner of inflammation, and evill disposition of the aire, lepry faces, great swollen legs, or inflamed hands

Take flower, or Amistium? made of Barley, which ye shall esily find at the Apothecaries, and seeth it halfe an houre in common water, then straine it, and put it into another new pot that is cleane and neat, putting to it a few Mallowes, Succorie, Hoppes, Endive, and Borage, and seeth all these together untill it be dissolved, and adde to it an ounce of Sandall, and then straine all, and take a linnen cloth, as much Cassia extracta as will goe into two nuts, and put it within the said linnen cloth with the Cassia, while the water is hot, pressing it so hard between your two fingers, that the substance of it may go into the water, then put to it Suger or Pennides, as much as you will. Of this drinke (which is of very amiable favour) you must take from day to day a little glasse full in the morning, lying in your bed with your breast upward, then laying some linnen cloth upon your stomacke, slepe if you can, and take of it also after you be up, and have done your necessary: the which doing, you shall finde your selfe very well healed in few dayes. But here note that this must be done in the Summer, and not in the Winter, and he that hath his stomacke very cold, may weare before his breast some piece of Scarlet, or other cloth, and sometime anoint his stomake with an Oyle made for the weaknesse of it, the perfect composition whereof we will put hereafter.

108. A singular ointment which healeth all burnings with fire, not leaving any skarre where it hath been.

Take the white of two Egges, two ounces of Tuna Alexandrina, two ounces of quicke Lime, washed in nine waters, an ounce of new Wax, with as much Oyle Roset as shall suffice, and make thereof an Oyntment, which ye shall finde very good for this that we have spoken of.

109. To draw an arrow-head or other iron out of a wound

Take the juyce of Valerian, in which ye shall wet a tent and put it into the wound, laying the said hearbe stamped upon it, then make your binding or band is it appertaineth, and by this meanes you shall draw out the iron. And after heale the wound accordingly as it shall require.

110. For him that hath a bunch on his head, or that hath his head swollen with a fall

Take an ounce of Bay-salt, raw honey three ounces, Cummin three ounces, Turpentine two ounces, intermingle all this well upon the fire, then lay it abroad upon a linnen cloth, and make thereof plaisters, the which you shall lay hot to his head, and it will althogether assuage the swelling, and heale him cleane and neat.

111. To know what time in the yeare herbs and flowers should be gathered in their full strength

Medicines are made divers and sundry wayes, some by leaves, some by seeds, some by roots, some by hearbs, some by flowers, and some by fruits. Such leaves as are put in medicines, should be gathered when they be at their full waxing, ere that their colour be changed, or that they fade anything.
Seeds when they fall be full ripe, and the moistness somewhat dried away.
Flowers should be taken when they be fully open, ere they begin to fade.
Herbs should be gathered when they be full of sap, and ere they shrinke.
Roots should be gathered when the leaves fall.
Fruits should be taken when they be at their full growth, or when they fall and the heavier the fruit is the better, and those that be great and light in ponderation, chuse not them, and those that be gathered in faire weather, be better than those that be gathered in raine. And those herbs that grow in the fields, are better than those that grow in towns and gardens, and those that grow on hills in the fields, are best for medicines, for commonly they be lesse and not so fat, and have most fertue.
Many hearbs there be that have speciall time to be gathered in: and if they be gathered in at that time, they have the full vertue, to their property or else not so good. Some do help whensoever they be gathered, and some are naught, if they be gathered out of time: therefore mark well what I teach thee.
Bittonie should be gathered principally in Lammas month, with the seed and the roots, and without any Iron toole, and it must be dried in the shadow: for Medicines it may be gathered other times, but evermore itis the better, if it be gotten without iron, and it must be gathered before the Sun-rising.
Swinegrasse may be gathered when it pleaseth you, in time of need.

Cammomill should be gathered in April.
Pellitory should be gathered in June, before the Sun-rising.
Red Dock should be gathere when they need daily,
Longebeefe must be gathered in June and July.
Peniwort must be gathered in the beginning of winter.
Germander should be gathered in Lammas month.
Dragant should be gathered in June and July.
Columbine in Lammas month.
Addertoeng must be gathered in April
Pedelion when thou wilt.
Groundstil always after midday.
Walworth when it pleaseth you, without iron.
Violet should be gathered in the month of March, and in this month should Violets be put in suger and sirrop.

Roses should be gathered in April or May, and of them should be made Suger-roset in sirrop of roses, and in the same month should oile be made of Cammomill.
Rosemary flowers should be gathered in May.
Sentory when it beginneth to flower.
Organum in the month of June
Salsequi should be gathered the sixteenth day of August, before the Sun-rising, without iron.
Harts tongue should be gathered before day in November.
Aristologia should be gathered the same time.
Garlike may be taken when you need for Medicines.
Wilde Garlike whould be gathered when it flowereth.
Gourds should be gathered in the end of September, when they be ripe, and dried where the Sunne may be all day.
Wild-Stepberries should be gathered when they bear yellow.
Cucumber should be gathered when the fruit is ripe, and the fruit should be laid under Vines, where the Sunne may not have all his strength on it in a most place, that it may rot, for then the seed shall be good and full of kernels.
Citrull when the fruit is ripe, and dried in a drie lace in the Sunne.
Calamint should be gathered when if flowreth, and drie it in the shadow, and it will last a yeare.
Saffron should be gathered before the Sun arise.
Godur, that groweth among Flax, should be gathered when he beginneth to flowre, and it may be kept three years
Elever should be gathered in harvest time. Fennel seeds should be gathered in the beginning of harvest, and two years they may be kept.
The roots of Fennel should be gathered in the beginning of the year, and two years they are good.
Balmoney, that some men call Gentian, should be gathered in the last end of the year, and four years it is good enough.
The root of this herb is used, and how thou shalt know him is this, that he be very bitter, the lesse bitter, the worse.
Also look that it be white, whole, and not hollow within, but sad? and not brittle, nor full of powder.
Galingale is called in Physick Lypus, it may be taken at all times when you will, but best it is in the end of Wer?: and three dayes it must be laid in the Sun, and save dried, that the moisture rot it not, and then you must keep it in the shadow.
Flower de luce should be gathered in the end of Wer, and dried in the Sun, and it will last two yeares well.

112. Here follow the sundry vertues of Roses, for divers Medicines

Roses be cold and moist in two degrees: It hath these vertues, stampe it and lay it to a sore that burneth and aketh , and it shall cease both the burning and aking.
Also it is good for the Feaver in the stomacke, and against all evils that are gendred in hot humours.
Also let any woman drinke it with wine, and it shall forthwith cause her to restrain bleeding, and help the marrows of the wombe.
Also make oile of Roses, and that is a principall recipt for pricking in sinewes, and the water thereof is good for sore eyes, and for hot evils, and the oyle is good for the headache to annoint therewith the temples, and the root of him is good to draw forth iron or other things in a mans foot, and the red Rose is much better than the white.

113. The sundry vertues of Lillies

Lillies are cold and dry in the third degree, and so saith Galen, that who so seetheth the leaves in water, it is a noble plaister for sinewes that are shortened, and it is good for all manner of burnings and scaldings.

Also, when the leaves and roots are sodden in old wine, and tempered up with honey, it is a profitable plaister, for sicknesses that are starven. Also the water and the juyce is good for to wash thy brissers, and to take away the freckles on mans visage or womens: and the root is good to ripe therewith vetches and for to break them.

114. Of sundry vertues of Milfoyle

Milfoyle is hot and dry in the second degree, it is good to stanch the bloody flux, and the juyce thereof healeth the biting of a red hound: and if it be sod in red wine, drinke it, and it stayeth wormes in the wombe, and it softneth the hardness in a mans wombe, and helpeth the Jaundise and dropsie.

And take the hearbe and stampe it, and temper it with Vineger, and it will doe away blood in wounds, and it will cease the tooth-ache when it is chewed fasting. Also it is good for the stinging of an Adder, when it is sodden in wine, drinke it, and lay the substance thereto, and it will draw the venome out of the sore.

115. The sundry vertues of Rosemary

Rosemary is hot and drie: take the flowers thereof, and put them in a cleane cloth, and boile them in faire cleane water, until halfe be wasted, and coole it, and drinke that water, for it is much worth against all manner of evils in the body.
Also, take the flowers and make powder thereof, and binde it to the right arme in a linnen cloth, and it shall make thee light and merry.
Also, eat the flowers with honey fasting, with sowre bread, or else with other bread, and there shall arise in thee no evill swelling.
Also, take the flowres, and put them in thy chest among thy cloth or among thy books, and moths shall not destroy them.
Also, boyle the flowers in Goats milke: and then let them stand all night under the aire covered, and after that give him to drinke thereof that hath the Lisicke and he shall be holpen.
Also, if there be any man that is rammage, take the flowres, and leaves a great quantity, and boile them together in a good quantity of cleane water, in that Patient Balneat and it shall heale him.
Also, boyle the leaves in white wine, and wash thy face therewith and thy beard, and thy browes, and there shall no corne spring out, but thou shalt have a faire face.
Also, put the leaves under thy bed, and thou shalt be delivered of all evill dreames.
Also, breake the leaves to powder, and lay it on the Canker, and it shall kill it.
Also, take the leaves, and put them in a wine vessel, and it shall keepe the wine from all sourenes and evill labours: and if thou wilt sell thy wine, thou shall have good speed.
Also, if thou be feeble with unkinde sweat, boyle the leaves in cleane water, and wash the head therewith, and thou shalt be delivered from that evill.
Also if thou hast lost appetite of eating, boyle well these leaves in cleane water, and when the water is cold, put thereunto as much of white wine, and then make therein a sop: eat thou thereof well, and thou shalt restore thy appetite again.
Also, if thou have the flux, boile the leaves in strong Eyzill, and lay them in a linnen cloth, and binde it to thy wombe, and anon thy flux shall be withdrawn.
Also, if thy legs be blown with the Gout, boile the leaves in water, and then take the leaves, and binde them in a linnen cloth, and wind it about thy legs, and it shall do thee much good.
Also, take the leaves, and boile them in a strong Eyzill, and binde them to thy stomacke in a cloth, and it shall deliver thee of all evils.
Also, if you have the cough, by stirring, or by any other way, drink the water of the leaves boiled in white wine, and ye shall be whole.
Make powder of the rinde of Rosemary, and drink it, and if thou be in the pase, thou shalt be delivered.
Also, take the timber thereof and burne it in coales, and make a powder thereof, and hen put it in a linnen cloth, and rub thy teeth therewith, and if there be any wormes therein, it shall kill them, and keep thy teeth from all evils.
Also, if the wood make a boyst? to smell thereto, and it shall keep thee youngly.
Also, make thereof a barrell, and drink thou of the drink that standeth therein, and thou needst not dread of any evill being therein: and if thou set it in the field, or in thy Garden, keep it benefitly, and it shall bring forth much increasing of itself.
And if a man have lost his smelling of the aire, that he may not draw his breath, make a fire of the weed, and bake his bread therewith, and eat it, and it shall keep him well.
Also, a man that hath the Gout, take Oyle of Roses, and the yolke of an Egge, and the flowers of Rosemarie, and meddle them together, and do it to his sore, and he shall be holpen.

116. For to make a speciall soveraigne water, which is of three coloures, and it is called the mother of all waters, which is very excellent to cure the canker, the pocks, or leprosie, or any other kind of superfluous humours, or any sore old or new, and it is thus made.

Take Turpentine four pound, of Frankincense, Mastick, of either two ounces, Allowes Epaticke, Dates stones, Laudanum, Castorium, roots of Bitanie, roots of Enula Campana, of each two ounces, distill them in a Limbeck of glasse, with a fast fire. The first water is clear: the second water is yellow, and swimmeth above the other: the third water is reedish like Saffron, and when it beginneth to be red and thicke like honey, then beginneth the third water. The fist water burneth like a Candle: the second water curdeth like milke, and if you put one drop of the third water into a cupo of drinke, it goeth presently to the bottome, and there will it lie an hours space, and then mount up to the top, as true Bakem doth: and with this water, if you wash your face twice a day, and chiefly your Nostrils, it cureth the rhume descending from the braine, and clarifieth the sight. And if you vest a linnen cloth in this water, and lay it to any sore legge or arme that hath dead flesh, it will cleanse it, and drive away the ache, within six houres space, and it consumes all Apostumes Ulcers, Fistules, Pustules, Emeroids, and healeth all green wounds. And if ye dip a linnen cloth therein, and make it six fold, and lay it to the middle of your necke, it healeth the Palsie: and so likewise it cureth the Gout, or any sinnew that is drawn together therewith, hathe it three or four times together warm.

The water that is of the colour of blood, is of such vertue, that if a leaprous man or woman use thereof fifteen dayes together, half a spoonful every day, he shall be healed.

The first water is of such vertue, that if it be put in a fresh wound, it healeth it in four and twenty hours, if it be not near mortal.
And it healeth all kind of cankers, crepces, Noli me tangere, within fifteen dayes, if you wash them with the said water every third day, and if you make rags of cloth, and dip it in the same water, and lay it upon a plague sore, and drop one drop therein, and it mortifieth the malignity thereof, and that shortly. And if you drop one drop in the eye, that hath a pearle, or is halfe blind, it will recover it in eight dayes without any paines: and if you drinnke a spoonfull of it with white Wine, it will recover the Strangury or diffure? within six hours, and breaketh the stone within two hours, whether it be in the reines or in the bladder. the water that hath the colour of blood is most precious, it comforteth the weak member, and preserveth the body from all diseases, and purifith rotten blood, and healeth all diseases of the Milt and keepeth away gout, and causeth good digestion, it purgeth cold and rotten blood, and putteth away ill humours, and healeth all agues. This water must be used from the month of November to the month of April, and you must take but half a spoonful at once, nor oftener than once a weeke.

The manner to make this water, ye must have a Glasse a cubite high, and fill it with Aqua vitae made with Wine, and stop it well, then put it in horse dung, so that it be not moist, nor too wet, lest the glasse breake, and you must leave the neck of the glasse without in the aire: that Glasse through heat of the dung will boyle sore, so that the water will ascend to the neck of the same, and descend againe to the bottom through the aire, and so let it stand thirty dayes, then take out the glasse: and put these things following in the water, and stop the mouth that it breath not out, and so leave it in eight daies.

Last of all, put the Glasse in Balneo Mariae with sand, setting on a head with a receiver, well stopped, and make a fast fire, and gather the first water that drops cleare, but when you see the second Water turne into red colour, change the Receiver, for then beginneth the second water to come, and that will keepe well in a Glasse well stopped.

The spices that goe to this water, be these, with the herbs, Cardanum, Cloves, Nutmegs, Ginger, Galingale, Zeddoaire, Pepper, Spikneard, Laureil berries, Smallage seeds, Mugwort-seeds, Fennell seeds, Annis-seeds, flowers of Bastil, Elderne flowers, red Roses, and white, Lignum Alloes, Custives?, Cardanum, Calamus Armaticus, Maces, Germander, Frankincense, Turmentill, Juniper, Egrimonie, Sentory , Fumitorie, Pempernell, Dandelian, Eufrage, Endive, seeds of Sorrell, yellow Sanders, Fetherfoy, Alloes, Epatick, of each two ounces, Rubarb two drammes, dry Figges, Reasins, Dates without stones, sweet Almonds, of each two ounces, Aqua vitae, to the quantity of them all, that is, for one pound of Engredience, four pound of Suger, two pound of honey. This water is called The mother of all waters.

117. A perfect way to cure the loathsome disease of the French pocks paines in the loynes, lameness of limmes, paleness of colour, loathsome scabbes, or any other filthy disease proceeding of superfluous or evill humours, as also to asswage over-grosse and foggie fat bellies, and that without danger

First, it is needful to provide for the sicke bodie a close and cleane Chamber out of all grosse aire, and cleane warme garments, both for body and legges, and at rising and going to bed, a fire of Charcoales, for wood is not so wholsome for smoking: also, they must not be troubled with any thing to bring them out of patience, for that corrupteth the blood, which must be new altered: also the sicke body must eat but little meat, and that kind of meate as shall hereafter be prescribed, and at such time as shall be appointed, and for the sicke body use playing on instruments, or heare some saying, or tell merry tales, and let him have no company of any woman, for that is a most dangerous poyson for the health of any person in that case.

Secondly, you must prepare two brasse pots or else iron, one being four Gallons, the other six Gallons, one for strong drinke, the other for small drink.

Also, you must have close covers to them of brasse or iron, you must also prepare certaine good earthen vessels, with close covers, to keepe your drinke in, of both sorts by themselves. Moreover, you must have a strainer, of a searce-cloth, to straine your drinke after it is decoct, Instruments to take out the dead flesh, and to search a sore and a spring to cleanse any sore being deepe, with the same drinke. Also you must have a wooden vessell to bathe the sicke body in, at such times as hreafter shall be appointed. Also you must prepare clean clothes to dry the sick body after a sweat, being warmed well first: other instruments you shall need none, but only our wood scraped small or turned, and the barke of the wood pounded in a morter, and the drugs also small, and your water which you shall decoct, the same must be of a good Conduit or running brook, very clean without any kind of filth. Chalke water is good.

Thirdly, for your strong drinke, you must take your pot of foure gallons, and set it on a fire of coales, with the four gallons of the faire running water, then put into the same one pound and a half of your wood, small scraped, or turned at the Turners, but when you doe buy your wood, see it be not old, and lack moisture: this triall is best; Take a littel coale burning, and lay it on the block before it be raped and if it be good, it will boyle upon every side of the coale like Mirrhe: Then put thereto an ounce or a little more of the barke of the same wood made in small powder, then take a quarter of a pound of Cummin seeds put whole in the same, and one half quarter of an ounce of Radix, and Rubarb, and then stop your pot fast, and lay paste about the cover, and so fast, that no aire come out, then seeth it on a fast fire, but ever keep to boyling, and let it boyle at the least eight hours, then set it by, and unstop it not untill it be cold, then take your Searce, and straine it into a fiar earthen pot, and cover it close. The sicke body must drinke of this but one drought luke-warm, in the morning, and one other at night.

Fourthly, you must take your pot of six gallons, and put in it six gallons of running water, and one pound of the wood raped, and a quarter of Cummin-seeds, and decoct it in all kind of things even as the other, being close stoped, and when it is cold, straine it into an earthen vessel or vessels, and that must the party drinke at meale, and at other times when he list to drinke, and spare not, but draw it by.

Fifthly, the sicke body must be kept very warme, and not rise out of bed before eight of the clocke, and theneat a dozen or twenty Reasins of the Sun , and no bread, but a draught of strong drink warme, and about eleven of the clock, let the sicke body eat a little meat, as may suffice nature, and what meat, it shall be hereafter shewed: then let the sicke body walk some while in his chamber, or read some booke, or play on instruments, to keep him from sleeping: then at six of the clock at night, a dozen of Raisins of the Sun, and nothing else but a draught of strong drink warmed.

Sixthly, give to the Patient to eat, these meats following, Chickin, Partridge, Pheasant, Hen, Capon, Rabbet, Conny, Veale, Mutton, and none other, nor any salt nor leavened bread, nor Rie bread, and very seldom roasted, but boiled in water, and no Broth nor Pottage, nor any kind of sauce: if the sicke body have roast, let it be but every third meale, and no kind of fishe, or fruits, Raisins excepted.

Seventhly, Once in three dayes, for the first nine dayes in the morning, let the sick body drink a good draught of the strong drink somewhat warm, and then lay very many clothes on him till he sweat, for the space of two hours: then ease some of the clothes, and having warmed linnen clothes, and rub all the body drie ere he rise, if he have any sores that be deepe, wash the sore with strong drinkee, and with a searce; and keep a little cloth in the strong drinke, and lay it to the sore, whether be sore or knobs.

Eighthly, after nine or ten days be past, once in three dayes let the sicke body be bathed on this sort. Set faire running water on the fire, an dput thereto a great deal of ground Ivy-leaves, and red Sage, and Fennell also, and by a good fire, when the sick body is going to bed, put the water and herbs into a vessel of wood, and let the sick body stand upright in it by the fire, and take up the herbs, and rub the body of the sicke Patient downwards, and then dry him with warm clothes: use this three weeks, and by the grace of God, the sick body shall be made whole, whatever he be: then if the party be very weak, after nine or ten of the first dayes, let him eat every day at four a cloke in the afternoon a new laid Egge poached in faire water, and as much new bread as may suffice nature, and a little cleane wine. Use this diet with good regard, as before prescribed, and (by the grace of God) they shal be perfectly cured of the Diseases above mentioned.

118. The manner to make another kind of diet drinke of stronger operation, for the same diseases, which by the practice onely of one man, hath done very great good, as well in the City of London, as in divers parts of the Realm

Take of the best Guaicum, most heavy, and full of Gum, foure pound; let it be wekk ?rosed? with a Rape, or tuned into fine chips by a Turner, and of the same barkes two pound: of Cardus Benedictus, which is called the blessed Thistle, halfe a pound, of Midenhaire, Cetrach, the flowres of wilde and Garden Buglosse, ana one pound, sweet Cassia six ounces, Annisseed one ounce and a half, white Suger six pound, cast all these into a wine vessel cleane and apt for the same purpose, upon which poure of the cleanest and best white Wine that may be got, in quantity one hundred and fifty pound, cover this vessel three dayes, then straine it throw an haire cloth: then keepe it in a cleane vessel for the Patient at dinner and supper, but not to drinke it in the morning or evening. Besides the drinking of the Guaicum at dinner and supper, the Patient may between the times, as one houre before or after dinner and supper, drinke four or five ounces. Also your aforesaid receipts may be put in cleane new white Wine or claret Wine, being ?fined and made in the prescribed manner.

Furthermore, the Patient that hath the Pox, Dropsie, or gout, may drinke among, this worthy medicine following, the dosse or quantity is two ounces or more, according to the age and complexion of the Patient.

Take Maiden-haire, cleane fresh Hops, Fumitery, Citrach, calsed Asplenium Sene, of Elezand of each three drammes, great Centaury roots, Liquorice, Polipody, wild and garden Buglosse, each foure ounces, Annis-seeds, Nigella Romana, the flowers of Buglosse, the three Saunders, Cinamon, of each five ounces, put this into 24 pound of the Guaicum water, sodden after the description in the Compounds following: then put it in a close vessel, and stoppe the mouth, and when that is done, set the said vessel in another seething kettle upon the fire, to let it stand and seeth for twenty houres faire and fastly, then straine it, and keepe it in a cleane close vessel for the use aforesaid: But if the Patient be full of humours, then do thus: take Sene Alexand. two pound, Succa Rosarum solatina, six pound, white Suger seven pound, Rubarb elected three ounces, finely cut, Turbit of the best one ounce, put these in a cleane stone-pot with a narrow mouth: powre into this Pot rriij pound of the common Guaicum water, made in manner in the compound following: stop your Pots mouth, seeth it in the foresaid manner upon a fast fire twenty four hours until it come to a thinne sirrop, called Jelup, then straine it, and keepe this precious purging drinke for morning: the Dosse one ounce and a half, according to the age, complexion and strength: The Patient must also eat bread three ounces, well baked like Bisket and the flesh of Chicken, Henne, Capon, Partridge, Pheasant, small birds of the wood roasted, expell sodden meats; and if the common drinke be too strong, then the Patient may powre thereunto some small cleare Wine, or Beere: let the Patient be merry, kept in a faire cleane chamber, with sweet perfumes, not much feeding, but little and fine, with cleane warme apparel, and a fire with Char-coales, eschewing Venery, Wiues, Fish, grosse flesh, Pottage, and white meat: care, anger, cold, much heat; and by Gods helpe ye shall have present remedie, whether it be for the Pox or to cleanse the reynes, or for them that be over fat or foggie people, full of grosse humours, gotten with ease and feeding, and to rebate and asswage their fogginess without hurt, but rathere renew them (as it were) and make them f?orme? young. It helpeth also the Gout, Dropsie, Sciatica, Canker and Timpany, and many other loathsome diseases, that proceed from over-great abundance of grosse humours, also for extreme paine in the joynts

119. The manner to chuse the best Guaicum or Lignum vitae

Of this wood Guiaicum there are three kinds: the first is black within, in the heart pale coloured, having in it russet lines, very hard and heavie. The other black within, but white without, having very small lines, is hard and heavy, and not so great as the first. The third is all right white within and without, having very small lines; and the heart of this wood is best, the arme of the Tree is better than the body, the boughes nearer the fruit have the most vertue, warmenesse, and driness, then the lower parts of the tree, which are more grosser, and more earthly of nature: and the more undisus the wood is, it is the better: the sap is not so good as the heart, neither the barke so good as the sap. But the white wood is sweet, and most excellent in operation, and is Lignum sanctum, the holy wood. The barke of the straight young brances or boughes, being heavy and white, moist and without lines, hard compacted, be the best barks for the Pox. All these woods called Guciaci have a Rezin, or matter like Benjamin, or pleasant Gum within the wood, which is the spirit or lively helping humour in decoction for the Pox, in the sinewes, veines, muckles, head, hands, feet, and the bones: The sicknesse is so sharpe and cruell to nature, but this precious wood will both quickly and gently assuage the paine and griefe of the same, if it be ministered accordingly in decoction namely to them, whom either the Pox hath tormentes, or else the Gout hath intolerable griefe.

120. A most certain and approved remedie against all manner of pestilence or plague, be it ever so vehement

Take an Onioin and cut him overthwart then make a little hole in each piece, the which you shall fill with fine Treakle, and set the pieces together againe as they were before: after this, wrap them in a wet linnen cloth, putting it to roast, covered in the Embers or ashes: and when it is roasted enough, presse out all the juyce of it, and give the Patient to drink therefore a spoonfull: immediately he shall feele himselfe better, and shall without faile be healed.

121. To make a sirrop of Vineger, good for many things

Take sharpe Vineger a pound and a halfe, Suger two pound and a halfe, boyle it till it be a sirrop. It will digest Choler, Melancholy, and Flegme: it will make grosse humours thinne: openeth obstructions, provoketh Urine, expelleth naughty humours: is good against all pestilent Feavers, cooleth and quencheth thirst, and keeps the body loose.

122. To comfort the heart, and take away Melancholy

Take the juyce of Borage four pound, the flowres of Borage halfe a pound: let these stand infused in hot embers fourteene houres, then being strained and clarified, put to of good Suger two pound, and boile it to a sirrop.

123. A sirrop to cleanse the Brest and the Lungs, the Cough and the Plurisie

Take Liquoris small shred and bruised, an ounce, Maiden-haire halfe an ounce, Hysop two drammed, water two pound, let these lie mixt four and twenty houres, then boile it till the third part be consumed, then straine it and put into the same of good honey, of Suger pennet and white Suger, of each foure ounces, and Rose-water three ounces.

124. For spitting either of Lights or Lungs

Take the juyce of Purslaine and Plantine, of each an ounce, red Corrail?? a dramme, and blood-stone halfe a dramme fine powdred, mixt together, use it.

125. For wormes in young children

Take Lupines and make flowre of them, which kneaded with honey lay it to the stomacke of the child.

126. For the swelling of the Cods

Take Rue stampt, lay it to the grieved place, and thou shalt have present remedy.

127. For him that cannot hold his water

Take the small end of Oaken leaves, and seeth them in Claret wine, being well beaten, lay it as hot as may be suffered upon the Yard in a plaister fashion.

128. For the head-ach

Take the juyce of Marjoram, and put it into the Nostrils, and it will helpe you.

129. For the griefe of the stomacke

Take Mastick, Cloves, Nutmegs, of each a dramme, Mace and Cinamon, of each halfe a dramme powdered: then take the bottome of a brokene loafe toasted, and dipt in Malmesie strewing of the said powder upon it, lay it to the stomacke, and it is a present remedy.

130. For the itch

Take unwrought Wax, fresh Butter, Rose Vineger, red Rose water, Brimstone finely beaten and Cloves all boyled together: make an ointment and use.

131. A Gargill for a sore throat

Take white wine, Conduit-water, of each a pound, Roeb Allium, half an ounce, two spoonfuls of honey, boyle all to a pound and a halfe, and use it three or four times a day.

132. A water for scabs, Ulcers, and Rashes

Take Plantine water halfe a pound, water of Orenges foure ounces, Sublimate? powder, an ounce, put all in a double glasse, or some other good vessell, and let it boile with a cleane fire, a quarter of an houre, and take it off, and keepe it in a cleane vessell, which use three or four sundry times, and it will heale them.

133. To make a water to take out all spots of cloth of gold and velvet

Take raw red Arsnick, Martem Cudum, of each of them a like quantity, and when they be well brayed, powre some faire water upon them, and then putting the herb Cinkefoyle to it, seeth it unto the half, and then let it coole, and set it in the sun two houres: then wash your cloth in it, and let it drie in the Sunne.

134. To take spots of grease and oyle out of all sorts of cloth, white or other

Take the water that pease haath been sod in, and steepe your cloth where the spot is in it, and then wash it in clean River water, and drie it in the Sunne.

135. To take all manner of spots out of silke

Take the juyce of great and round Mushrams of a sharp tast, wet the spots in the space of two hours, and then wash them with cleare water, and then let them drie.

136. To take spots out of cloth

Take cold lie, and lees of white Wine, made a little hot, and mix them well together. But you must take heed they be not two hot, and wash your cloth.

137. A soveraigne remedy for the Cough

Take Brimstone beaten in powder half an ounce, and put it in a new laid Egge soft rosted, mingle it well together, then put to it Benjamin the bignesse of a Zitch Pease, lightly stamped, and drinke it in the morning for your breakfast: Take as much againe at night when you get to bed, and you shall be hole as the second or third time. But if the cough holden you long, you must take it so much the oftner.

138. To keep your Poultry from destroying with Weasels

Rub your Poultry with the juyce of Rue or Herbe grace, and the Weasels shall do them no hurt: If they eat the Lungs of a Fox, the Foxes will not eat them.

139. A briefe Treatise of Urines, as well of mens Urines as of womens: to judge by the colours, which betokeneth health, which sicknesse and which death.

It is shewed that in foure parts of the body dwelleth sicknesse and health, that is, in the wombe, in the head, in the liver and in the bladder. In what manner thou must know the properties and thereto thou maist learne.
If a mans Urine be white at morn, and red before meat and white after meate, he is whole. And if it be fat and thick, it is not good: and if the Urine be meanly thicke it is good to like. And if it be thicke as Asse-pisse, it betokeneth head-ache
Urine that is two dayes red, and the third day white betokeneth very health.
Urine that is fat, white, and moist, betokeneth the Feaver quartain.
Urine that be bloody betokeneth that the bladder is hurt, by some rotting that is within.
a little Urine also fleshly, betokeneth of the reynes: unto pisseth bleed without sicknesse, hath some veine broken in the reynes.
Urine that is ponderous betokeneth that the bladder is hurt.
Urine that is somewhat bloody of sicknesse, betokeneth great chill within the body, and namely in the bladder.
Urine that falleth by droppes above as it were greatholmes betokeneth great sicknesse and long
Womens Urine that is clears and shining in the Urinall as Silver, if she cast oft, and if she have no talent to meat, it betokeneth she is with childe.
Womens Urine that is strong and white with stinking, betokeneth sickness in the reynes and in her secret receits, in her chambers full of eville humours, and of sickness of herselfe.
Womens Urine that is bloody, and cleare as water under, betokeneth headach.
Womens Urine that is like to gold, cleare and mighty, betokeneth that she hath lust to man.
Womens Urine that hath colour of stable cleaning betokeneth her to have the feaver quartains, and she to die the third day.
Womens Urine that appeareth as colour of lead, if she be with childe, betokeneth that it is death within her.

140. Hereafter follow all the Urines that betokeneth death, as well the urine of the man as of the woman

In a whole Iris, one part red, another black, another greene, and another blue, betokeneth death,
Urine in whole Iris, blacke and little in quantity, salty and stinking, it betokeneth death.
Urine covered over all as lead, betokeneth prolonging of death.
Urine that shineth raw and right height, if the skinne in the bottome shine not, it betokeneth death.
Urine thin in substance, having fleeting above, as it were a darke Skie, figureth of death.
Urine durty, sinking, and darke, with a darke skie within, betokeneth a prolonging of death.
Urine that is of the colour of water, if it have a darke Skie in an Iris it betokeneth death.
Urine that hath drests in the bottome medled with blood, it betokeneth death.
Urine black and thicke, if the sicke loath when he goeth to the Privie, and when he speaketh overhwart, or that he understandeth not aright, and if these sicknesses goe not from him, they betoken death.


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